ASTM F 2439-06 (reapproved 2011)
Standard Specification for Headgear Used in Soccer
ASTM Product Performance, the National Federation of High Schools, (NFHS) and the ForceField FFTM Headband Ė Protective Headgear for Soccer
Tests were performed on the ForceField FFTM Headband in accordance to ASTM F 2439-06 and the ForceField FFTM Headband exceeded the test requirements. The peak linear acceleration of the ForceField padded head-to-forehead for six tests using the test instrumented headform dropped in guided freefall ranged from 62 to 72 g's.
The ASTM standard was designed to address head-to-head injuries, head-to-hard surface and head-to-post. There is no headgear in the world that will eliminate head injuries including concussions. The ForceField FFTM Headband was designed to reduce the risk of head injuries in all of those areas. In addition, the headband also reduces the impact force over 50% when heading a soccer ball.
Dr. Abraham has been a member of the ASTM from 1964 to the present time. He has tested protective helmets and equipment for every sport and recreational activity.
Protective Headgear Laboratory Data Sheet
ASTM F 2439-06 Test Results
Independent tests were performed on the ForceField FFTM Headband in accordance to ASTM F 2439-06.
The headband surpassed all of the requirements.
Dr. C. J. Abraham, P.E., PhD, DEE, FRIC, FTI
Technical Director, ForceField FF (NA), Ltd.
For several years, there has been considerable public discussion about head injuries and head protection in soccer.
ASTM International (formerly the American Society for Testing and Materials) has adopted a product performance standard for soccer headgear. You can review the standard at http://www.astm.org/.
No headgear or other protective equipment can prevent all injuries, so headgear is not being suggested by anyone as a way to make soccer totally safe. However, the NFHS encourages players, parents, coaches and other interested persons to assess the fact that headguards satisfying ASTM standard F2439-06 for soccer headgear are available. Further, they should take the opportunity to decide for themselves if headgear is something they would see as beneficial.
Note the ASTM standard does not address head to ball impacts, rather head to hard surface impacts such as head to head, head to ground and head to post, which are believed to be the primary mechanism in most soccer concussions.
Attached is a list of some soccer headguards that, according to the manufacturers, meet or exceed the ASTM soccer headgear standard. Please be aware that the NFHS is not recommending or endorsing any particular brand of headgear, or headgear in general. We are forwarding this information to inform members of the high school community about a matter they may find of interest.
The NFHS has been informed that the following products satisfy the test and performance requirements of the ASTM standard for headgear used in soccer.
Inclusion of a product on this list does not signify endorsement or recommendation by the NFHS. As we are made aware of other products that satisfy the standard, we will add them to the list.
The products on this list are allowable under NFHS rules as long as the product is in its original configuration and has not been modified.